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Maternal PTSD and corresponding neural activity mediate effects of child exposure to violence on child PTSD symptoms

Moser, Dominik A.
Pointet, Virginie
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Published in PloS one. 2017, vol. 12, no. 8, e0181066
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD), associated neural activity in response to mother-child relational stimuli, and child psychopathology indicators at child ages 12-42 months and one year later. The study tested the hypothesis that decreased maternal neural activity in regions that subserve emotion regulation would be associated with child symptoms associated with emotional dysregulation at both time points. Functional magnetic resonance imaging of 42 mothers with or without violence-exposure and associated IPV-PTSD were assessed. Their child's life-events and symptoms/behaviors indicative of high-risk subsequent PTSD diagnosis on a maternal-report questionnaire were measured one year later. Maternal IPV-PTSD severity was significantly associated with decreased ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) activation in response to mother-child relational stimuli. Maternal IPV-PTSD severity and decreased vmPFC activation were then significantly associated with a child attachment disturbance at 12-42 months and symptoms/behaviors one year later, that were correlated with emotional dysregulation and risk for child PTSD. Maternal IPV-PTSD and child exposure to IPV were both predictive of child PTSD symptoms with maternal IPV-PTSD likely mediating the effects of child IPV exposure on child PTSD symptoms. These findings suggest that maternal IPV-PTSD severity and associated decreased vmPFC activity in response to mother-child relational stimuli are predictors of child psychopathology by age 12-42 months and one-year later. Significant findings in this paper may well be useful in understanding how maternal top-down cortico-limbic dysregulation promotes intergenerational transmission of IPV and related psychopathology and, thus should be targeted in treatment.
Keywords AdultBrain/diagnostic imagingCase-Control StudiesChild BehaviorChildPreschoolExposure to Violence/psychologyFemaleHumansInfantInterviews as TopicLinear ModelsMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleMother-Child RelationsMothers/psychologyPhobic Disorders/diagnosis/etiologyPrefrontal Cortex/diagnostic imagingSeverity of Illness IndexStress DisordersPost-Traumatic/diagnosis/pathologySurveys and Questionnaires
PMID: 28767657
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Research groups Groupe Ansermet François (psychiatrie) (861)
Groupe Dayer Alexandre (Formation du circuit cortical) (875)
Thérapeutiques des Troubles de l'Humeur et Anxieux (689)
(ISO format)
SCHECHTER, Daniel et al. Maternal PTSD and corresponding neural activity mediate effects of child exposure to violence on child PTSD symptoms. In: PLOS ONE, 2017, vol. 12, n° 8, p. e0181066. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181066 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:98324

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Deposited on : 2017-11-01

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