Scientific article

Endoplasmic reticulum stress responses in placentation - A true balancing act

Published inPlacenta, vol. 57, p. 163-169
Publication date2017

The unfolded protein response (UPR) is recognized as a key mechanism to promote protein folding and processing in eukaryotes when endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) occurs. Some conditions such as hypoxia or glucose deprivation are factors that may elicit ERS response. Recent literature collectively proposes that ERS response is crucial for mammalian reproduction by allowing decidualization and placentation to occur. However, prolonged ERS and activation of UPR pathways can lead to apoptosis and autophagy, which in turn could pose adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes and placentation. ERS associated pregnancy pathologies include intrauterine growth restriction and early-onset preeclampsia. Given these findings, evidence suggests that overactivation of UPR may lead to harmful reproductive circumstances, whereas physiological regulation of ERS response is essential for mammalian reproduction and placental function. In this review, we discuss the dual role of UPR activation with respect to its contribution to placental development as well as pathologies caused by pathway overactivation. In addition, we suggest potential protein markers associated with the UPR, as circulating C-terminal GRP78 or anti-GRP78 autoantibodies which may prove to be of clinical interest.

Citation (ISO format)
BASTIDA-RUIZ, Daniel et al. Endoplasmic reticulum stress responses in placentation - A true balancing act. In: Placenta, 2017, vol. 57, p. 163–169. doi: 10.1016/j.placenta.2017.07.004
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0143-4004

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