Scientific article
Open access

Mapping water provisioning services to support the ecosystem–water–food–energy nexus in the Danube river basin

Published inEcosystem Services, vol. 17, p. 278-292
Publication date2016

Water, food and energy are at the core of human needs and there is a boundless complex cycle among these three basic human needs. Ecosystems are in the center of this nexus, since they contribute to the provision of each component, making it imperative to understand the role of ecosystems in securing food, water and energy for human well-being. In this study we aimed to map and assess water provisioning services and associated benefits to support the ecosystem–water–food–energy nexus by taking into account environmental flow requirements for riverine ecosystems using the hydrological model Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). We developed a framework that includes indicators of renewable water (capacity of ecosystem to provide water) and water use (service flow) and we applied it in the Danube river basin over the period 1995–2004. Water scarcity indicators were used to map the possible water scarcity in the subbasins, and analyze the spatial match of water availability and water use. The results show that modelling is instrumental to perform the integrated analysis of the ecosystem–water–food–energy nexus; and that spatial mapping is a powerful tool to display environmental availability of water provisioning and regulatory services delivered by ecosystems, and can support the nexus analysis.

  • The ecosystem–water–food–energy nexus
  • Freshwater ecosystems services
  • Mapping
  • SWAT modeling
  • European Union
  • Danube river basin
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
KARABULUT, Armağan et al. Mapping water provisioning services to support the ecosystem–water–food–energy nexus in the Danube river basin. In: Ecosystem Services, 2016, vol. 17, p. 278–292. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2015.08.002
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2212-0416

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