en
Scientific article
English

Massive transfusion in children

Published inTransfusion Medicine Reviews, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 213-216
Publication date2016
Abstract

Massive transfusions occur frequently in pediatric trauma patients, among some children undergoing surgery, or in children with critical illness. Over the last years, many authors have studied different aspects of massive transfusions, starting with an operative definition. Some information is available on transfusion strategies and adjunctive treatments. Areas that require additional investigation include: studies to assess which children benefit from transfusion protocols based on fixed ratios of blood components vs transfusion strategies based on biophysical parameters and laboratory tests; whether goal-directed therapies that are personalized to the recipient will improve outcomes; or which laboratory tests best define the risk of bleeding and what clinical indicators should prompt the start and stop of massive transfusion protocols. In addition, critical issues that require further study include transfusion support with whole blood vs reconstituted whole blood prepared from packed red blood cells, plasma, and platelets; and the generation of high quality evidence that would lead to treatments which decrease adverse consequences of transfusion and improve outcomes.

Citation (ISO format)
KARAM, Oliver Laurent, TUCCI, Marisa. Massive transfusion in children. In: Transfusion Medicine Reviews, 2016, vol. 30, n° 4, p. 213–216. doi: 10.1016/j.tmrv.2016.05.010
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ISSN of the journal0887-7963
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