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Effects of fiber-glass-reinforced composite restorations on fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated molars

Nicola, Scotti
Alberto, Forniglia
Riccardo, Michelotto Tempesta
Allegra, Comba
Damiano, Pasqualini
Mario, Alovisi
Elio, Berutti
Published in Journal of dentistry. 2016, vol. 53, p. 82-87
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The study evaluated the fracture resistance and fracture patterns of endodontically treated mandibular first molars restored with glass-fiber-reinforced direct composite restorations. METHODS: In total, 60 extracted intact first molars were treated endodontically; a mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavity was prepared and specimens were then divided into six groups: sound teeth (G1), no restoration (G2), direct composite restoration (G3), fiber-post-supported direct composite restoration (G4), direct composite reinforced with horizontal mesio-distal glass-fibers (G5), and buccal-palatal glass-fibers (G6). Specimens were subjected to 5000 thermocycles and 20,000 cycles of 45° oblique loading force at 1.3Hz and 50N; they were then loaded until fracture. The maximum fracture loads were recorded in Newtons (N) and data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey tests (p<0.05). Fractured specimens were analyzed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: The mean static loads (in Newtons) were: G1, 831.83; G2, 282.86; G3, 364.18; G4, 502.93; G5, 499.26; and G6, 582.22. Fracture resistance did not differ among G4, G5, and G6, but was significantly higher than G3 (p=0.001). All specimens fractured in a catastrophic way. In G6, glass fibers inducted a partial deflection of the fracture, although they were not able to stop crack propagation. CONCLUSIONS: For the direct restoration of endodontically treated molars, reinforcement of composite resins with glass-fibers or fiber posts can enhance fracture resistance. The SEM analysis showed a low ability of horizontal glass-fibers to deviate the fracture, but this effect was not sufficient to lead to more favorable fracture patterns above the cement-enamel junction (CEJ). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The fracture resistance of endodontically treated molars restored with direct composite restorations seems to be increased by reinforcement with fibers, even if it is insufficient to restore sound molar fracture resistance and cannot avoid vertical fractures.
Keywords Direct compositeEndodontically treatedFractographyFracture resistanceGlass-fiber
PMID: 27492772
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Research group Groupe Krejci Ivo (médecine dentaire) (240)
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NICOLA, Scotti et al. Effects of fiber-glass-reinforced composite restorations on fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated molars. In: Journal of dentistry, 2016, vol. 53, p. 82-87. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2016.08.001 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89711

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Deposited on : 2016-12-01

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