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Scientific article
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Apathy and noradrenaline; silent partners to mild cognitive impairment in parkinsons's disease?

Published inCurrent opinion in neurology, vol. 28, no. 4, p. 344-350
Publication date2015
Abstract

The search for PD-MCI biomarkers has employed an array of neuroimaging techniques, but still yields divergent findings. This may be due in part to MCI's broad definition, encompassing heterogeneous cognitive domains, only some of which are affected in Parkinson's disease. Most domains falling under the MCI umbrella include fronto-dependent executive functions, whereas others, notably learning, rely on the basal ganglia. Given the deterioration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in Parkinson's disease, it has been the prime target of PD-MCI investigation. By testing well defined cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease, distinct functions can be attributed to specific neural systems, overcoming conflicting results on PD-MCI. Apart from dopamine, other systems such as the neurovascular or noradrenergic systems are affected in Parkinson's disease. These factors may be at the basis of specific facets of PD-MCI for which dopaminergic involvement has not been conclusive. Finally, the impact of both dopaminergic and noradrenergic deficiency on motivational states in Parkinson's disease is examined in light of a plausible link between apathy and cognitive deficits.

Keywords
  • Apathy
  • Learning
  • Neuroimaging
  • Noradrenaline
  • Parkinson's
Citation (ISO format)
LOUED-KHENISSI, Leyla, PREUSCHOFF, Kerstin. Apathy and noradrenaline; silent partners to mild cognitive impairment in parkinsons’s disease? In: Current opinion in neurology, 2015, vol. 28, n° 4, p. 344–350. doi: 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000218
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1350-7540
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