en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Degree of remaining C=C bonds, polymerization shrinkage and stresses of dual-cured core build-up resin composites

Published inOperative dentistry, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 443-452
Publication date2005
Abstract

This study measured the degree of remaining C=C bonds (RDB), linear polymerization shrinkage (LPS) and polymerization stresses (PS) of dual-cured resin composite build-up materials using a variety of light exposure scenarios. Four commercially available materials were used: Bis-Core, FluoroCore, Build-it! and Permalute. The RDB was measured using FTIR spectroscopy, and custom-made devices were used to measure LPS and PS values. Data were obtained using three different modes of photoactivation: NLC (No Light-Curing); ILC (Immediate Light-Curing, where 60 second light-curing was applied at the start of the observation period); and DLC (Delayed Light-Curing, where 60-second light-curing was applied 10 minutes from the start of the observation period). Statistical evaluation of the data at the end of the 13-minute observation period was performed with two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's Studentized Range (HSD) Test (p=0.05) and simple linear regression. Differences in the development of LPS and PS during the 13 minutes were studied using mathematical calculus. Bis-Core presented the highest RDB and Permalute the lowest when ILC was applied, while no differences were found between Build-it! and FluoroCore and NLC and DLC increased RDB for FluoroCore and Permalute compared to ILC; whereas, no differences were noted for Build-it! and Bis-Core. Using DLC, a decrease in RDB was found only for Build-it! FluoroCore and Permalute exhibited a reduction in LPS and PS using NLC relative to ILC. No differences in LPS and PS values were detected for the materials Bis-Core and Build-it! when subjected to NLC or DLC, compared to ILC. Simple linear regression showed that only the two polymerization shrinkage properties studied were highly correlated (LPS-PS r2=0.85). The RDB rate was not correlated with either polymerization shrinkage properties (RDB-LPS r2=0.40; RDB-PS r2=0.57). A study of the evolution of the real-time curves of percentage values of LPS and PS showed that these properties evolved in a similar exponential mode and that, most often, there was a delay in the development of PS.

Keywords
  • Carbon/chemistry/radiation effects
  • Composite Resins/chemistry/radiation effects
  • Dental Materials/chemistry/radiation effects
  • Fluorides
  • Topical/chemistry
  • Humans
  • Light
  • Materials Testing
  • Polymers/chemistry/radiation effects
  • Resin Cements/chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Stress
  • Mechanical
  • Surface Properties
  • Time Factors
Citation (ISO format)
STAVRIDAKIS, Minos M, KAKABOURA, Afrodite I, KREJCI, Ivo. Degree of remaining C=C bonds, polymerization shrinkage and stresses of dual-cured core build-up resin composites. In: Operative dentistry, 2005, vol. 30, n° 4, p. 443–452.
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0361-7734
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