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Effect of Human Burn Wound Exudate on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Virulence

Jafari, Paris
Applegate, Lee Ann
Raffoul, Wassim
Que, Yok-Ai
Published in mSphere. 2016, vol. 1, no. 2, p. e00111-15
Abstract Burn wound sepsis is currently the main cause of morbidity and mortality after burn trauma. Infections by notorious pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Acinetobacter baumannii impair patient recovery and can even lead to fatality. In this study, we investigated the effect of burn wound exudates (BWEs) on the virulence of those pathogens. BWEs were collected within 7 days after burn trauma from 5 burn patients. We first monitored their effect on pathogen growth. In contrast to A. baumannii and S. aureus, P. aeruginosa was the only pathogen able to grow within these human fluids. Expression of typical virulence factors such as pyocyanin and pyoverdine was even enhanced compared the levels seen with standard laboratory medium. A detailed chemical composition analysis of BWE was performed, which enabled us to determine the major components of BWE and underline the metabolic modifications induced by burn trauma. These data are essential for the development of an artificial medium mimicking the burn wound environment and the establishment of an in vitro system to analyze the initial steps of burn wound infections.
Keywords Burn wound exudatePseudomonas aeruginosaVirulence factorsGrowth
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GONZALEZ, Manuel et al. Effect of Human Burn Wound Exudate on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Virulence. In: mSphere, 2016, vol. 1, n° 2, p. e00111-15. doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00111-15 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:83858

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Deposited on : 2016-05-25

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