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Scientific article
English

Development and validation of a chemical hydrolysis method for dextromethorphan and dextrophan determination in urine samples: application to the assessment of CYP2D6 activity in fibromyalgia patients

Published inJournal of chromatography. B, vol. 861, no. 1, p. 56-63
Publication date2008
Abstract

Dextromethorphan (DEM) is a widely used probe drug for human cytochrome P450 2D6 isozyme activity assessment by measuring the ratio between DEM and its N-demethylated metabolite dextrorphan (DOR). DOR is excreted in urine mainly conjugated to glucuronic acid. Prior to quantification, DOR must be deconjugated to avoid variability caused by the polymorphic glucuronosyltransferase enzyme. A chemical hydrolysis method was optimized using a chemometric approach. Three factors (acid concentration, hydrolysis time and temperature) were selected and simultaneously varied to study their effect on conjugated DOR hydrolysis. Hydrolysis conditions that maximize DOR release without significant degradation of both DEM and DOR were chosen and results were compared to those obtained by enzymatic method using beta-glucuronidase. An HPLC method with fluorescence detection was developed for the simultaneous quantitation of DEM, DOR and levallorphan, used as an internal standard. Separation was performed on a phenyl analytical column (150 mmx4.6 mm i.d., 5 microm) with a mobile phase consisting of 18% acetonitrile and 50 mM phosphoric acid (pH 3). The overall analytical procedure was validated and showed good performances in terms of selectivity, linearity, sensitivity, precision and accuracy. Finally, this assay was used to determine DEM/DOR molar ratios in fibromyalgia patients for the purpose of determining phenotype status for the CYP2D6.

Keywords
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6/metabolism
  • Dextromethorphan/chemistry/metabolism/urine
  • Dextrorphan/chemistry/metabolism/urine
  • Fibromyalgia/metabolism/urine
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Reproducibility of Results
Citation (ISO format)
DAALI, Youssef et al. Development and validation of a chemical hydrolysis method for dextromethorphan and dextrophan determination in urine samples: application to the assessment of CYP2D6 activity in fibromyalgia patients. In: Journal of chromatography. B, 2008, vol. 861, n° 1, p. 56–63. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.11.019
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ISSN of the journal1570-0232
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