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Scientific article
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Photo-rearrangement of N-substituted pyridinium and meta-alkoxypyridinium ions

Published inJournal of molecular structure. Theochem, vol. 807, no. 1-3, p. 25-32
Publication date2007
Abstract

A computational study of the minimum-energy structures and transition states relevant to the photo-initiated rearrangement of N-substituted pyridinium and meta-alkoxypyridinium ions is reported. Density Functional Theory in the form of 6-31G(d) B3LYP computations has been used to determine the relative energies of the significant stationary points on the ground state potential energy surfaces, including the global minima, the bicyclic (prefulvene-like) and tricyclic (benzvalene-like) intermediates, and the connecting transition states. The S0, S1, and S2 potential energy surfaces have been mapped along a reaction path from the C2v-symmetry minimum on S1 to the bicyclic intermediate on S0 with multi-reference self-consistent-field computations. Two conical intersections are located along this path, the first occurs as the open-shell electron configuration becomes the ground state, and the second occurs as the closed-shell electron configuration of the bicyclic intermediate becomes the ground state. The impact of various N-substituents on the relative energies of the intermediates is also explored. Previously, experimental X-ray structures have firmly established the exo nature of the photohydration of N-substituted pyridinium and alkylpyridinium ions, however, endo solvation has been claimed for the photoaddition of alcohols to meta-alkoxypyridinium ions. The intermediate structures and energies reported here suggest that exo solvation should also be operative in the case of meta-alkoxypyridinium ions.

Keywords
  • Pyridinium
  • Alkoxypyridinium
  • Bicyclic aziridine
  • Photochemistry
Citation (ISO format)
GROVE, Kerri, KING, Rollin A., BURGER, Ulrich. Photo-rearrangement of N-substituted pyridinium and meta-alkoxypyridinium ions. In: Journal of molecular structure. Theochem, 2007, vol. 807, n° 1-3, p. 25–32. doi: 10.1016/j.theochem.2006.12.001
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ISSN of the journal0166-1280
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