en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Prevalence and characteristics of addictive behaviors in a community sample: A latent class analysis

Published inAddictive behaviors reports, vol. 1, p. 49-56
Publication date2015
Abstract

While addictions to substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs have been extensively investigated, interest has been growing in potential non-substance-related addictive behaviors (e.g., excessive gambling, buying or playing video games). In the current study, we sought to determine the prevalence and characteristics of a wide range of addictive behaviors in a general population sample and to identify reliable subgroups of individuals displaying addictive behaviors. Seven hundred seventy participants completed an online survey. The survey screened for the presence and characteristics of the main recognized substance and behavioral addictions (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, other drugs, gambling, compulsive shopping, intensive exercise, Internet and mobile phone overuse, intensive work involvement, and overeating) in a three-month period. Key aspects of addiction were measured for each reported behavior, including negative outcomes, emotional triggers (positive and negative emotional contexts), search for stimulation or pleasure, loss of control, and cognitive salience. Latent class analysis allowed us to identify three theoretically and clinically relevant subgroups of individuals. The first class groups problematic users, i.e., addiction-prone individuals. The second class groups at-risk users who frequently engage in potentially addictive behaviors to regulate emotional states (especially overinvolvement in common behaviors such as eating, working, or buying). The third class groups individuals who are not prone to addictive behaviors. The existence of different groups in the population sheds new light on the distinction between problematic and non-problematic addiction-like behaviors. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license

Keywords
  • Addictive behavior
  • Substance use
  • Behavioral addiction
  • Prevalence
  • Latent class analysis
Citation (ISO format)
DELEUZE, Jory et al. Prevalence and characteristics of addictive behaviors in a community sample: A latent class analysis. In: Addictive behaviors reports, 2015, vol. 1, p. 49–56. doi: 10.1016/j.abrep.2015.04.001
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2352-8532
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Technical informations

Creation08/27/2015 11:09:00 AM
First validation08/27/2015 11:09:00 AM
Update time03/14/2023 11:41:10 PM
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