en
Scientific article
English

Remembering pride and shame: Self-enhancement and the phenomenology of autobiographical memory

Published inMemory, vol. 16, no. 5, p. 538-547
Publication date2008
Abstract

People's self-images are grounded in autobiographical memories and, in particular, in the phenomenological experience associated with remembering. The desire to increase or maintain the positivity of the self-image (i.e., the self-enhancement motive) might thus play an important role in shaping memory phenomenology. This study examined this hypothesis by asking participants to recall positive and negative events that involve self-evaluations (i.e., pride and shame) and positive and negative events that involve evaluations about others (i.e., admiration and contempt); various phenomenological characteristics (e.g., sensory details, feeling of re-experiencing) were assessed using rating scales. The results show a positivity bias (i.e., subjectively remembering positive events with more details than negative events)for events that involve self-evaluations but not for events that involve evaluations of others. In addition, this bias was stronger for people high in self-esteem. It is oncluded that biases affecting the phenomenology of autobiographical memory are part of the arsenal of psychological mechanisms people use to maintain a positive self-image.

Citation (ISO format)
D’ARGEMBEAU, Arnaud, VAN DER LINDEN, Martial. Remembering pride and shame: Self-enhancement and the phenomenology of autobiographical memory. In: Memory, 2008, vol. 16, n° 5, p. 538–547. doi: 10.1080/09658210802010463
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
545views
0downloads

Technical informations

Creation05/19/2010 4:46:00 PM
First validation05/19/2010 4:46:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 3:29:13 PM
Status update03/14/2023 3:29:12 PM
Last indexation01/15/2024 7:59:24 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack