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Brain metabolite composition during early human brain development as measured by quantitative in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Kreis, R
Hofmann, L
Kuhlmann, B
Boesch, C
Bossi, E
Published in Magnetic resonance in medicine. 2002, vol. 48, no. 6, p. 949-58
Abstract Biochemical maturation of the brain can be studied noninvasively by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in human infants. Detailed time courses of cerebral tissue contents are known for the most abundant metabolites only, and whether or not premature birth affects biochemical maturation of the brain is disputed. Hence, the last trimester of gestation was observed in infants born prematurely, and their cerebral metabolite contents at birth and at expected term were compared with those of fullterm infants. Successful quantitative short-TE (1)H MRS was performed in three cerebral locations in 21 infants in 28 sessions (gestational age 32-43 weeks). The spectra were analyzed with linear combination model fitting, considerably extending the range of observable metabolites to include acetate, alanine, aspartate, cholines, creatines, gamma-aminobutyrate, glucose, glutamine, glutamate, glutathione, glycine, lactate, myo-inositol, macromolecular contributions, N-acetylaspartate, N-acetylaspartylglutamate, o-phosphoethanolamine, scyllo-inositol, taurine, and threonine. Significant effects of age and location were found for many metabolites, including the previously observed neuronal maturation reflected by an increase in N-acetylaspartate. Absolute brain metabolite content in premature infants at term was not considerably different from that in fullterm infants, indicating that prematurity did not affect biochemical brain maturation substantially in the studied population, which did not include infants of extremely low birthweight.
Keywords Aspartic Acid/metabolismBrain/embryology/metabolismBrain ChemistryCholine/metabolismEmbryonic and Fetal DevelopmentFemaleGestational AgeGlutamic Acid/metabolismGlutathione/metabolismHumansInfantInfant, NewbornInfant, Premature/metabolismInositol/metabolismMagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methodsMalePregnancyPregnancy Trimester, ThirdReference ValuesSensitivity and Specificity
PMID: 12465103
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Research group L'imagerie cérébrale (184)
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KREIS, R et al. Brain metabolite composition during early human brain development as measured by quantitative in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In: Magnetic resonance in medicine, 2002, vol. 48, n° 6, p. 949-58. doi: 10.1002/mrm.10304 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:55707

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Deposited on : 2015-04-23

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