en
Scientific article
French

Comment investiguer les troubles respiratoires du sommeil chez l'enfant?

Published inRevue médicale suisse, vol. 4, no. 146, p. 515-522
Publication date2008
Abstract

Sleep related breathing disorders (SDB) in children has a major negative impact on their neurocognitive development and should be identified and treated early as to decrease morbidity. Children do not usually present daytime fatigue and sleepiness like adults, but rather show abnormal behavior patterns and learning disabilities. The presence of sustained nightime snoring is a good screening toll for SDB. Polysomnography is the gold standard for diagnosis even though nightime oxymetry, with its high positive predictive value, can also be used. The most frequent SDB in childhood is sleep obstructive apnea syndrome (SOAS), which generally requires surgical treatment with adenotonsillectomy. Long term evolution of pediatric SOAS still has to be defined, as the role of other diagnostic tools such as outpatient polygraphy.

Keywords
  • Adenoidectomy
  • Child
  • Child Behavior
  • Child, Preschool
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Learning Disorders/physiopathology
  • Mass Screening
  • Oximetry
  • Polysomnography
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes/diagnosis/physiopathology/surgery
  • Snoring/diagnosis
  • Tonsillectomy
Citation (ISO format)
ROCHAT, Isabelle et al. Comment investiguer les troubles respiratoires du sommeil chez l’enfant? In: Revue médicale suisse, 2008, vol. 4, n° 146, p. 515–522.
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1660-9379
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