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Scientific article
Open access
English

During post-natal human myogenesis, normal myotube size requires TRPC1- and TRPC4-mediated Ca²⁺ entry

Published inJournal of cell science, vol. 126, no. Pt 11, p. 2525-2533
Publication date2013
Abstract

Myogenesis involves expression of muscle-specific transcription factors such as myogenin and myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2), and is essentially regulated by fluctuations of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. Recently we demonstrated that molecular players of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), stromal interacting molecule (STIM) and Orai, were fundamental in the differentiation process of post-natal human myoblasts. Besides STIM and Orai proteins, the family of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels was shown to be part of SOCE in several cellular systems. In the present study, we investigated the role of TRPC channels in the human myogenesis process. We demonstrate, using an siRNA strategy or dominant negative TRPC overexpression, that TRPC1 and TRPC4 participate in SOCE, are necessary for MEF2 expression, and allow the fusion process to generate myotubes of normal size. Conversely, the overexpression of STIM1 with TRPC4 or TRPC1 increased SOCE, accelerated myoblast fusion, and produced hypertrophic myotubes. Interestingly, in cells depleted of TRPC1 or TRPC4, the normalization of SOCE by increasing the extracellular calcium concentration or by overexpressing STIM1 or Orai1 was not sufficient to restore normal fusion process. A normal differentiation occurred only when TRPC channel was re-expressed. These findings indicate that Ca(2+) entry mediated specifically by TRPC1 and TRPC4 allow the formation of normal-sized myotubes.

Keywords
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Calcium Channels/genetics/metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/cytology/metabolism
  • Muscle Proteins/metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • TRPC Cation Channels/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
ANTIGNY, Fabrice et al. During post-natal human myogenesis, normal myotube size requires TRPC1- and TRPC4-mediated Ca²⁺ entry. In: Journal of cell science, 2013, vol. 126, n° Pt 11, p. 2525–2533. doi: 10.1242/jcs.122911
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0021-9533
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