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Role of Prostate Apoptosis Response 4 in Translocation of GRP78 from the Endoplasmic Reticulum to the Cell Surface of Trophoblastic Cells

Published inPloS one, vol. 8, no. 11, e80231
Publication date2013
Abstract

Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) molecular chaperone that belongs to the heat shock protein 70 family. GRP78 is also present on the cell surface membrane of trophoblastic cells, where it is associated with invasive or fusion properties of these cells. Impaired mechanism of GRP78 relocation from ER to the cell surface was observed in preeclamptic cytotrophoblastic cells (CTB) and could take part in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. In this study, we have investigated whether prostate apoptosis response 4 (Par-4), a protein identified as a partner of GRP78 relocation to the cell surface in prostate cancer cells, is present in trophoblastic cells and is involved in the translocation of GRP78 to the cell surface of CTB. Par-4 is indeed present in trophoblastic cells and its expression correlates with expression of membrane GRP78. Moreover, overexpression of Par-4 led to an increase of cell surface expression of GRP78 and decreased Par-4 gene expression reduced cell surface localization of GRP78 confirming a role of Par-4 in relocation of GRP78 from ER to the cell surface. Accordingly, invasive property was modified in these cells. In conclusion, we show that Par-4 is expressed in trophoblastic cells and is involved in transport of GRP78 to the cell surface and thus regulates invasive property of extravillous CTB.

Keywords
  • GRP78
  • Par4
  • Invasion
  • Extravillous cytotrophoblast
Citation (ISO format)
COHEN, Marie-Benoîte et al. Role of Prostate Apoptosis Response 4 in Translocation of GRP78 from the Endoplasmic Reticulum to the Cell Surface of Trophoblastic Cells. In: PloS one, 2013, vol. 8, n° 11, p. e80231. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080231
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1932-6203
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