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Evidence of Chara fibrosa Agardh ex Bruzelius, an alien species in South France

Soulié-Märsche, Ingeborg
Triboit, Frédéric
Despréaux, Marc
Laffont-Schwob, Isabelle
Thiéry, Alain
Published in Acta botanica gallica. 2013, vol. 160, no. 2, p. 157-163
Abstract The paper describes the discovery of a species of genus Chara, hitherto unknown in France. The morphological features of the plants and oospores are shown and identify the plant as Chara fibrosa ssp. benthamii, a tropical taxon, non-native to the European Charophyte flora. The ecological conditions of this particular find correspond to an artificial temporary pond located in the Crau plain, north of the Camargue. In contrast to the normal hydrological cycle ruled by local precipitation during winter, the studied pond is flooded from irrigation water in late spring and during summer. This context allowed C. fibrosa to out-compete the indigenous Chara species, Chara vulgaris and Chara globularis. The accidental introduction of C. fibrosa is attributed to original contamination from rice seed material imported to the nearby Camargue, rather than to dispersal by migratory water birds. Although the species has formed a very large population in that pond within a few years, it might not be classified as “invasive” because this occurrence is linked to a particular man-made habitat. However, spread of the species in the future, as a function of global warming related to climate change, cannot be excluded.
Keywords CharophytesCharaceaeEcologyFreshwaterTaxonomyTemporary pond
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Research groups Ecology and Aquatic Biology
ISE Biodiversité
ISE Pôle Sciences
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SOULIÉ-MÄRSCHE, Ingeborg et al. Evidence of Chara fibrosa Agardh ex Bruzelius, an alien species in South France. In: Acta botanica gallica, 2013, vol. 160, n° 2, p. 157-163. doi: 10.1080/12538078.2013.806872 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:38263

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Deposited on : 2014-06-27

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