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Equivalence between Two-Qubit Entanglement and Secure Key Distribution

Published inPhysical review letters, vol. 91, no. 16
Publication date2003
Abstract

We study the problem of secret key distillation from bipartite states in the scenario where Alice and Bob can perform measurements only at the single-copy level and classically process the obtained outcomes. Even with these limitations, secret bits can be asymptotically distilled by the honest parties from any two-qubit entangled state, under any individual attack. Our results point out a complete equivalence between two-qubit entanglement and secure key distribution: a key can be established through a one-qubit channel if and only if it allows one to distribute entanglement. These results can be generalized to a higher dimension for all those states that are one-copy distillable.

Citation (ISO format)
ACIN, Antonio, MASANES, Lluis, GISIN, Nicolas. Equivalence between Two-Qubit Entanglement and Secure Key Distribution. In: Physical review letters, 2003, vol. 91, n° 16. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.167901
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ISSN of the journal0031-9007
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