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Cosmological data and indications for new physics

Benetti, Micol
Gerbino, Martina
Kinney, William H.
Kolb, Edward W.
Lattanzi, Massimiliano
Pagano, Luca
Published in Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2013, vol. 2013, no. 10, p. 030-030
Abstract Data from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) and the South Pole Telescope (SPT), combined with the nine-year data release from the WMAP satellite, provide very precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) angular anisotropies down to very small angular scales. Augmented with measurements from Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations surveys and determinations of the Hubble constant, we investigate whether there are indications for new physics beyond a Harrison-Zel'dovich model for primordial perturbations and the standard number of relativistic degrees of freedom at primordial recombination. All combinations of datasets point to physics beyond the minimal Harrison-Zel'dovich model in the form of either a scalar spectral index different from unity or additional relativistic degrees of freedom at recombination (e.g., additional light neutrinos). Beyond that, the extended datasets including either ACT or SPT provide very different indications: while the extended-ACT (eACT) dataset is perfectly consistent with the predictions of standard slow-roll inflation, the extended-SPT (eSPT) dataset prefers a non-power-law scalar spectral index with a very large variation with scale of the spectral index. Both eACT and eSPT favor additional light degrees of freedom. eACT is consistent with zero neutrino masses, while eSPT favors nonzero neutrino masses at more than 95% confidence.
Keywords InflationCosmological neutrinosCosmological parameters from CMBR
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BENETTI, Micol et al. Cosmological data and indications for new physics. In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2013, vol. 2013, n° 10, p. 030-030. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36485

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Deposited on : 2014-05-12

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