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Scientific article
Open access
English

Bimodal expression of PHO84 is modulated by early termination of antisense transcription

Published inNature structural & molecular biology, vol. 20, no. 7, p. 851-858
Publication date2013
Abstract

Many Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes encode antisense transcripts, some of which are unstable and degraded by the exosome component Rrp6. Loss of Rrp6 results in the accumulation of long PHO84 antisense (AS) RNAs and repression of sense transcription through PHO84 promoter deacetylation. We used single-molecule resolution fluorescent in situ hybridization (smFISH) to investigate antisense-mediated transcription regulation. We show that PHO84 AS RNA acts as a bimodal switch, in which continuous, low-frequency antisense transcription represses sense expression within individual cells. Surprisingly, antisense RNAs do not accumulate at the PHO84 gene but are exported to the cytoplasm. Furthermore, rather than stabilizing PHO84 AS RNA, the loss of Rrp6 favors its elongation by reducing early transcription termination by Nrd1-Nab3-Sen1. These observations suggest that PHO84 silencing results from antisense transcription through the promoter rather than the static accumulation of antisense RNAs at the repressed gene.

Keywords
  • DNA Helicases/physiology
  • Exosome Multienzyme Ribonuclease Complex/physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Histone Deacetylases/physiology
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/physiology
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Metalloendopeptidases/physiology
  • Models, Genetic
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Nuclear Proteins/physiology
  • Polyadenylation
  • Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase/physiology
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
  • Proton-Phosphate Symporters/biosynthesis/genetics
  • RNA Helicases/physiology
  • RNA, Antisense/genetics/metabolism
  • RNA, Fungal/genetics/metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis/metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins/physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/biosynthesis/genetics/physiology
  • Transcription, Genetic
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
CASTELNUOVO, Manuele et al. Bimodal expression of PHO84 is modulated by early termination of antisense transcription. In: Nature structural & molecular biology, 2013, vol. 20, n° 7, p. 851–858. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2598
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1545-9985
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492downloads

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