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Simultaneous Addition of B4C+SiC to MgB2 Wires and Consequences for Jc and Birr

Published in IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity. 2007, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 2846-2849
Abstract The simultaneous addition of various carbon based additives (in the present case B4C + SiC) to Mg and B powders has been introduced as a new concept in view of enhancing the superconducting parameters Bc2, Birr and Jc values of in situ Fe/MgB2 wires. A series of Fe sheathed monofilamentary wires of 1.1 mm diameter with a MgB2 core of 600 mum diameter was prepared with various B4C : SiC ratios, the relation being 2.5:7.5, 5:5, 7.5:2.5 and 7.5:7.5 (values in wt.%). After reaction of 1 hour at 760degC, the wire containing 7.5 wt.% B4C and 2.5 wt.% SiC powders exhibited a Jc value of 1 times 104 A/cm2 at 11.3 T and 4.2 K. Although only 2.5 wt.% SiC were added, these values are considerably above those of ternary wires with B4C additions, where the same Jc value is obtained at 10 T. The slope Jc vs. B for the B4C + SiC wires is steeper than for SiC additives, the Jc values at 4.2 K being superior at fields below 9 T. The lattice parameters a of the B4C + SiC added wires exhibit lower values than ternary wires with the same nominal C content, suggesting a higher C content in the MgB2 phase. The "disorder" in the MgB2 structure has been characterized as a partial substitution of B by Carbon. A reduction of the domain sizes in the c direction as well as in-plane to 250 Aring and 124 Aring has been determined from the FWHM and the breath values of the (110) and (002) peaks. With the simultaneous introduction of B4C + SiC, a strong improvement of Jc and Birr has been obtained with respect to B4C additions. A further enhancement of Jc is expected when using different combinations of additives with and without carbon, aiming for a further raise of Jc in wires with multiple additives, as a result of the combination of d- ifferent mechanisms.
Keywords Magnesium borideNanopowdersSuperconducting filaments and wires.
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Research group Groupe Senatore
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FLUKIGER, René-Louis et al. Simultaneous Addition of B4C+SiC to MgB2 Wires and Consequences for Jc and Birr. In: IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity, 2007, vol. 17, n° 2, p. 2846-2849. doi: 10.1109/TASC.2007.899027 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36287

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Deposited on : 2014-05-05

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