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Application of Transient Evanescent Grating Techniques to the Study of Liquid/Liquid Interfaces

Published inJournal of Physical Chemistry. B, vol. 109, no. 10, p. 4668-4678
Publication date2005

Transient grating experiments performed with evanescent fields resulting from total internal reflection at an interface between a polar absorbing solution and an apolar transparent solvent are described. The time evolution of the diffracted intensity was monitored from picosecond to millisecond time scales. The diffracted signal originates essentially from two density phase gratings: one in the absorbing phase induced by thermal expansion and one in the transparent solvent due to electrostriction. A few nanoseconds after excitation, the latter grating is replaced by a thermal grating due to thermal diffusion from the absorbing phase. The speed of sound and the acoustic attenuation measured near the interface are found to be essentially the same as in the bulk solutions. However, after addition of a surfactant in the polar phase, the speed of sound near the interface differs substantially from that in the bulk with the same surfactant concentration. This effect is interpreted in terms of adsorption at the liquid/liquid interface. Other phenomena, which are not observed in bulk experiments, such as acoustic echoes and a fast oscillation of the signal intensity, are also described.

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BRODARD, Pierre, VAUTHEY, Eric. Application of Transient Evanescent Grating Techniques to the Study of Liquid/Liquid Interfaces. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, 2005, vol. 109, n° 10, p. 4668–4678. doi: 10.1021/jp045133b
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