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Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability of Synthetic Multifunctional Rigid-Rod β- Barrel Pores: Evidence for Supramolecular Catalysis

Published inJournal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 32, p. 10067-10075
Publication date2004

The lessons learned from p-octiphenyl β-barrel pores are applied to the rational design of synthetic multifunctional pore 1 that is unstable but inert, two characteristics proposed to be ideal for practical applications. Nonlinear dependence on monomer concentration provided direct evidence that pore 1 is tetrameric (n = 4.0), unstable, and "invisible," i.e., incompatible with structural studies by conventional methods. The long lifetime of high-conductance single pores in planar bilayers demonstrated that rigid-rod β-barrel 1 is inert and large (d ≈ 12 Å). Multifunctionality of rigid-rod β-barrel 1 was confirmed by adaptable blockage of pore host 1 with representative guests in planar (8-hydroxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate, KD = 190 μM, n = 4.9) and spherical bilayers (poly-l-glutamate, KD ≤ 105 nM, n = 1.0; adenosine triphosphate, KD = 240 μM, n = 2.0) and saturation kinetics for the esterolysis of a representative substrate (8-acetoxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate, KM = 0.6 μM). The thermodynamic instability of rigid-rod β-barrel 1 provided unprecedented access to experimental evidence for supramolecular catalysis (n = 3.7). Comparison of the obtained kcat = 0.03 min-1 with the kcat ≈ 0.18 min-1 for stable analogues gave a global KD ≈ 39 μM3 for supramolecular catalyst 1 with a monomer/barrel ratio ≈ 20 under experimental conditions. The demonstrated "invisibility" of supramolecular multifunctionality identified molecular modeling as an attractive method to secure otherwise elusive insights into structure. The first molecular mechanics modeling (MacroModel, MMFF94) of multifunctional rigid-rod β-barrel pore hosts 1 with internal 1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate guests is reported.

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LITVINCHUK, Svetlana et al. Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability of Synthetic Multifunctional Rigid-Rod β- Barrel Pores: Evidence for Supramolecular Catalysis. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2004, vol. 126, n° 32, p. 10067–10075. doi: 10.1021/ja0481878
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ISSN of the journal0002-7863

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