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Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha regulates the expression of pancreatic beta -cell genes implicated in glucose metabolism and nutrient-induced insulin secretion

Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2000, vol. 275, no. 46, p. 35953-9
Abstract Mutations in the HNF4alpha gene are associated with the subtype 1 of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY1), which is characterized by impaired insulin secretory response to glucose in pancreatic beta-cells. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) is a transcription factor critical for liver development and hepatocyte-specific gene expression. However, the role of HNF4alpha in the regulation of pancreatic beta-cell gene expression and its correlation with metabolism secretion coupling have not been previously investigated. The tetracycline-inducible system was employed to achieve tightly controlled expression of both wild type (WT) and dominant-negative mutant (DN) of HNF4alpha in INS-1 cells. The induction of WT-HNF4alpha resulted in a left shift in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, whereas DN-HNF4alpha selectively impaired nutrient-stimulated insulin release. Induction of DN-HNF4alpha also caused defective mitochondrial function substantiated by reduced [(14)C]pyruvate oxidation, attenuated substrate-evoked mitochondrial membrane hyperpolarization, and blunted nutrient-generated cellular ATP production. Quantitative evaluation of HNF4alpha-regulated pancreatic beta-cell gene expression revealed altered mRNA levels of insulin, glucose transporter-2, L-pyruvate kinase, aldolase B, 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E1 subunit, and mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2. The patterns of HNF4alpha-regulated gene expression are strikingly similar to that of its downstream transcription factor HNF1alpha. Indeed, HNF4alpha changed the HNF1alpha mRNA levels and HNF1alpha promoter luciferase activity through altered HNF4alpha binding. These results demonstrate the importance of HNF4alpha in beta-cell metabolism-secretion coupling.
Keywords Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolismAnimalsCarbonyl Cyanide p-Trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone/pharmacologyDNA-Binding ProteinsDose-Response Relationship, DrugDoxycycline/pharmacologyGene Expression Regulation/drug effectsGenes, ReporterGlucose/metabolism/pharmacologyHepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4Insulin/secretionIslets of Langerhans/drug effects/metabolism/secretionLeucine/pharmacologyMembrane Potentials/drug effectsMitochondria/drug effects/metabolismPhosphoproteins/genetics/metabolismPromoter Regions, GeneticPyruvic Acid/metabolismRNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolismRatsRecombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolismTime FactorsTranscription Factors/genetics/metabolismTumor Cells, Cultured
PMID: 10967120
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WANG, Haiyan et al. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha regulates the expression of pancreatic beta -cell genes implicated in glucose metabolism and nutrient-induced insulin secretion. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2000, vol. 275, n° 46, p. 35953-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M006612200 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35181

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Deposited on : 2014-04-01

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