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The First Halide-Free Bimetallic Aluminum Borohydride: Synthesis, Structure, Stability, and Decomposition Pathway

Dovgaliuk, Iurii
Ban, Voraksmy
Aranda, Lionel
Casati, Nicola
Devillers, Michel
Published in Journal of Physical Chemistry. C. 2014, vol. 118, no. 1, p. 145-153
Abstract Interaction of solid KBH4 with liquid Al(BH4)3 at room temperature yields a solid bimetallic borohydride KAl(BH4)4. According to the synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, its crystal structure (space group Fddd, a = 9.7405(3), b = 12.4500(4), and c = 14.6975(4) Å) contains a substantially distorted tetrahedral [Al(BH4)4]− anion, where the borohydride groups are coordinated to aluminum atoms via edges. The η2-coordination of BH4– is confirmed by the infrared and Raman spectroscopies. The title compound is the first aluminum-based borohydride complex not stabilized by halide anions or by bulky organic cations. It is not isostructural to bimetallic chlorides, where more regular tetrahedral AlCl4– anions are present. Instead, it is isomorphic to the LT phase of TbAsO4 and can be also viewed as consisting of two interpenetrated dia-type nets where BH4 ligand is bridging Al and K cations. Variable temperature X-ray powder diffraction, TGA, DSC, and TGA-MS data reveal a single step of decomposition at 160 °C, with an evolution of hydrogen and some amount of diborane. Aluminum borohydride is not released in significant amounts; however, some crystalline KBH4 forms upon decomposition. The higher decomposition temperature than in chloride-substituted Li–Al (70 °C) and Na–Al (90 °C) borohydrides suggests that the larger alkali metal cations (weaker Pearson acids) stabilize the weak Pearson base, [Al(BH4)4]−
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DOVGALIUK, Iurii et al. The First Halide-Free Bimetallic Aluminum Borohydride: Synthesis, Structure, Stability, and Decomposition Pathway. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, 2014, vol. 118, n° 1, p. 145-153. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35160

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Deposited on : 2014-03-31

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