Scientific article

Single-crystal organic charge-transfer interfaces probed using Schottky-gated heterostructures

Published inNature materials, vol. 11, no. 9, p. 788-794
Publication date2012

Organic semiconductors based on small conjugated molecules generally behave as insulators when undoped, but the heterointerfaces of two such materials can show electrical conductivity as large as in a metal. Although charge transfer is commonly invoked to explain the phenomenon, the details of the process and the nature of the interfacial charge carriers remain largely unexplored. Herewe use Schottky-gated heterostructures to probe the conducting layer at the interface between rubrene and PDIF-CN2 single crystals. Gate-modulated conductivity measurements demonstrate that interfacial transport is due to electrons, whose mobility exhibits band-like behaviour from room temperature to ~150 K, and remains as high as ~1 cm2 V-1 s-1 at 30 K for the best devices. The electron density decreases linearly with decreasing temperature, an observation that can be explained quantitatively on the basis of the heterostructure band diagram. These results elucidate the electronic structure of rubrene/PDIF-CN2 interfaces and show the potential of Schottky-gated organic heterostructures for the investigation of transport in molecular semiconductors.

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Citation (ISO format)
GUTIERREZ LEZAMA, Ignacio et al. Single-crystal organic charge-transfer interfaces probed using Schottky-gated heterostructures. In: Nature materials, 2012, vol. 11, n° 9, p. 788–794. doi: 10.1038/nmat3383
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1476-1122

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