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Chytrid epidemics may increase genetic diversity of a diatom spring-bloom

Gsell, Alena S
de Senerpont Domis, Lisette N
Verhoeven, Koen JF
Van Donk, Ellen
Published in ISME Journal. 2013, vol. 7, p. 2057-2059
Abstract Contrary to expectation, populations of clonal organisms are often genetically highly diverse. In phytoplankton, this diversity is maintained throughout periods of high population growth (that is, blooms), even though competitive exclusion among genotypes should hypothetically lead to the dominance of a few superior genotypes. Genotype-specific parasitism may be one mechanism that helps maintain such high-genotypic diversity of clonal organisms. Here, we present a comparison of population genetic similarity by estimating the beta-dispersion among genotypes of early and peak bloom populations of the diatom Asterionella formosa for three spring-blooms under high or low parasite pressure. The Asterionella population showed greater beta-dispersion at peak bloom than early bloom in the 2 years with high parasite pressure, whereas the within group dispersion did not change under low parasite pressure. Our findings support that high prevalence parasitism can promote genetic diversification of natural populations of clonal hosts.
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Research groups Microbial Ecology
ISE Pôle Sciences
ISE Biodiversité
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GSELL, Alena S et al. Chytrid epidemics may increase genetic diversity of a diatom spring-bloom. In: ISME Journal, 2013, vol. 7, p. 2057-2059. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:32825

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Deposited on : 2014-01-07

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