Scientific article

Second coordination shell water exchange rate and mechanism : experiments and modeling on hexaaquachromium (III)

Published inJournal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 118, no. 50, p. 12777-12787
Publication date1996

From our combined experimental and computer modeling study we found a structurally and kinetically well-defined second coordination shell around chromium(III) ions in aqueous solution. Strong hydrogen binding due to polarization of first coordination sphere water molecules leads to a mean coordination number of 12.94 water molecules in the second shell and to short first shell hydrogen−second shell oxygen distances of about 1.4 Å. The experimentally measured exchange rate constant of = (7.8 ± 0.2) × 109 s-1 (ΔH = 21.3 ± 1.1 kJ mol-1, ΔS = +16.2 ± 3.7 J K-1 mol-1) corresponds to a lifetime of 128 ps for one water molecule in the second coordination shell and compares very well with a lifetime of 144 ps as observed from molecular dynamics simulation of a [Cr(H2O)6]3+ complex in aqueous solution. The geometry and the partial atomic charges of [Cr(H2O)6]3+ were determined by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Water exchange from the second coordination shell to the bulk of the solution proceeds between a H2O sitting in the second shell and an adjacent one which just entered this shell from the bulk. By a small rotation of the first coordination shell water molecule, one of its two hydrogen bonds jumps to the entered water molecule and the one which lost its hydrogen bond leaves the second shell of the [Cr(H2O)6]3+. This associative reaction mode is a model for water exchange between water molecules which are bound by strong hydrogen bonds, as in the case for strongly polarizing 3+ ions such as Al3+ or Rh3+. Furthermore, the exchange phenomenon between second sphere and bulk water involving only two adjacent water molecules is strongly localized and independent of other water molecules of the second shell. In this respect it may be considered as a starting point for a study of water exchange on a protonated metal oxide surface.

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Citation (ISO format)
BLEUZEN, Anne et al. Second coordination shell water exchange rate and mechanism : experiments and modeling on hexaaquachromium (III). In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1996, vol. 118, n° 50, p. 12777–12787. doi: 10.1021/ja9613116
ISSN of the journal0002-7863

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