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Scientific article
English

Density functional theory study of some structural and energetic properties of small lithium clusters

Published inThe Journal of chemical physics, vol. 105, no. 22, p. 9933-9947
Publication date1996
Abstract

Some properties of small Lin clusters (n up to 20) are theoretically investigated, within the density functional theory formalism. The structural properties are examined at the so-called local level of approximation. For very small clusters (n<=8), the Lin conformations which are well known from ab initio calculations are found at very low computational cost. For n>8, optimal starting geometries are generated from two growth patterns, based on the increase of the number of pentagonal subunits in the clusters by adsorption of one or two Li atoms. Several new stable structures are proposed, for which the corresponding vibrational analysis is performed for n up to 18. The study of energetic properties and stability requires the use of gradient-approximated functionals. Such functionals are used for the determination of the relative stability of these clusters. For example, we show that the icosahedral structure is the most favorable geometry for Li13, whereas this is not the case for Na13. Ionization potentials and binding energies are also investigated in regard to the size and the geometry of the clusters. Comparison with experimental results and other theoretical approaches (such as nonspherical jellium model) suggests that some combinations of gradient-corrected functionals are more adapted than others to describe Lin energetic and structural properties.

Keywords
  • Density functional method
  • Lithium
  • Atomic clusters
  • Conformational changes
  • Stability
  • Ionization potential
  • Binding energy
  • Correlation functions
  • Potential energy surfaces
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
GARDET, Georges, ROGEMOND, François, CHERMETTE, Henry. Density functional theory study of some structural and energetic properties of small lithium clusters. In: The Journal of chemical physics, 1996, vol. 105, n° 22, p. 9933–9947. doi: 10.1063/1.472826
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0021-9606
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