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Polygyny or Misogyny? Reexamining the “First Law of Intergroup Conflict”

Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede
Wucherpfennig, Julian
Reigstad, Karina Garnes
Published in The Journal of Politics. 2011, vol. 73, no. 01, p. 265-270
Abstract Kanazawa (2009) proposes a ``first law of intergroup conflict'', suggesting that polygyny and its impact on access to reproductive women provides ``the ultimate cause'' for civil war. This controversial claim is supported by an empirical analysis at odds with most existing studies of civil wars. We reconsider the influence of polygyny in a more conventional statistical model. We fail to find evidence that ethnic groups with polygyny engage more frequently in civil wars, although our results indicate that civil wars are more common in societies with legal polygamy. We detail how these findings seem at odds with Kanazawa's theory, and argue that misogyny seems a more plausible source of insights into the context for civil war and peace. We then show that civil wars are less common when women's rights are better established and that legal polygamy has no notable residual effect once women's rights are considered.
Keywords Civil war
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Other version: http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022381610001003
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GLEDITSCH, Kristian Skrede et al. Polygyny or Misogyny? Reexamining the “First Law of Intergroup Conflict”. In: The Journal of Politics, 2011, vol. 73, n° 01, p. 265-270. doi: 10.1017/S0022381610001003 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25281

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Deposited on : 2013-01-09

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