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Sensitivity and specificity of NT-proBNP to detect heart failure at post mortem examination

Donzé, Nicolas
Michaud, Katarzyna
Published in International journal of legal medicine. 2011, vol. 125, no. 6, p. 849-56
Collection Open Access - Licence nationale Springer
Abstract NT-proBNP, a marker of cardiac failure, has been shown to be stable in post mortem samples. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of NT-proBNP to detect heart failure in the forensic setting. One hundred sixty-eight consecutive autopsies were included in the study. NT-proBNP blood concentrations were measured using a chemiluminescent immunoassay kit. Cardiac failure was assessed by three independent forensic experts using macro- and microscopic findings complemented by information about the circumstances of body discovery and the known medical story. Area under the receiving operator curve was of 65.4% (CI 95%, from 57.1 to 73.7). Using a standard cut-off value of >220 pg/mL for NT-proBNP blood concentration, heart failure was detected with a sensitivity of 50.7% and a specificity of 72.6%. NT-proBNP vitreous humor values were well correlated to the ones measured in blood (r (2) = 0.658). Our results showed that NT-proBNP can corroborate the pathological findings in cases of natural death related to heart failure, thus, keeping its diagnostic properties passing from the ante mortem to the post mortem setting. Therefore, biologically inactive polypeptides like NT-proBNP seem to be stable enough to be used in forensic medicine as markers of cardiac failure, taking into account the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Keywords AgedAutopsyBiological Markers/bloodCause of DeathFemaleHeart Failure/blood/diagnosisHumansLuminescent MeasurementsMaleMiddle AgedNatriuretic Peptide, Brain/bloodPeptide Fragments/bloodPredictive Value of TestsSensitivity and Specificity
PMID: 21597901
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Research group Groupe Mangin Patrice (médecine légale) (862)
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SABATASSO, Sara et al. Sensitivity and specificity of NT-proBNP to detect heart failure at post mortem examination. In: International journal of legal medicine, 2011, vol. 125, n° 6, p. 849-56. doi: 10.1007/s00414-011-0581-6 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25013

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Deposited on : 2013-01-04

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