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Scientific article
English

Optimal Conditionally Unbiased Bounded-Influence Inference in Dynamic Location and Scale Models

Published inJournal of the American Statistical Association, vol. 100, no. 470, p. 628-641
Publication date2005
Abstract

This article studies the local robustness of estimators and tests for the conditional location and scale parameters in a strictly stationary time series model. We first derive optimal bounded-influence estimators for such settings under a conditionally Gaussian reference model. Based on these results, we obtain optimal bounded-influence versions of the classical likelihood-based tests for parametric hypotheses. We propose a feasible and efficient algorithm for the computation of our robust estimators, which uses analytical Laplace approximations to estimate the auxiliary recentering vectors, ensuring Fisher consistency in robust estimation. This strongly reduces the computation time by avoiding the simulation of multidimensional integrals, a task that typically must be addressed in the robust estimation of nonlinear models for time series. In some Monte Carlo simulations of an AR(1)–ARCH(1) process, we show that our robust procedures maintain a very high efficiency under ideal model conditions and at the same time perform very satisfactorily under several forms of departure from conditional normality. In contrast, classical pseudo–maximum likelihood inference procedures are found to be highly inefficient under such local model misspecifications. These patterns are confirmed by an application to robust testing for autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity.

Keywords
  • Influence function
  • M-estimator
  • Robust estimation and testing
  • Time series model
Citation (ISO format)
MANCINI, Loriano, RONCHETTI, Elvezio, TROJANI, Fabio. Optimal Conditionally Unbiased Bounded-Influence Inference in Dynamic Location and Scale Models. In: Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2005, vol. 100, n° 470, p. 628–641. doi: 10.1198/016214504000001402
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