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Influence of tidal volume on pulse pressure variations in hypovolemic ventilated pigs with acute respiratory distress-like syndrome

Wiklund, Claes U.
Orbring-Wiklund, Helene
Piriou, Vincent
Teboul, Jean-Louis
Published in Anesthesiology. 2010, vol. 113, no. 3, p. 630-638
Abstract BACKGROUND: Sensitivity and specificity of respiratory change in pulse pressure (DeltaPP) to predict preload dependency has been questioned at small tidal volumes (VT) in critically ill patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We studied DeltaPP in pigs with ARDS-like syndrome during reversible hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Prospective, observational animal study in a Laboratory Investigation Unit. Sixteen deeply sedated mechanically ventilated pigs were successively ventilated with VT of 10 ml/kg at a respiratory rate of 15 breaths/min (RR15) and VT of 6 ml/kg at RR15 and RR25. ARDS-like syndrome was produced by lung lavage in eight pigs (ARDS group). Severe hemorrhagic shock was induced by removal of 40% of total blood volume followed by restoration. RESULTS: After bleeding, in the control group ventilated with a VT of 10 ml/kg, DeltaPP increased from 8.5 (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.1 to 9.9%) to 18.5% (CI, 15.3 to 21.7%; P<0.05). In the ARDS group, this index increased similarly, from 7.1% (95% CI, 5.3 to 9.0%) to 20.1% (CI, 15.3 to 24.9%; P<0.05). In control lungs, reduction in VT from 10 to 6 ml/kg reduced the DeltaPP reaction by 40%, although it remained a statistically valid indicator of hypovolemia regardless of the RR value. In contrast, in the ARDS group, DeltaPP was an unreliable hypovolemia marker at low VT ventilation, regardless of the RR value (p=not statistically significant). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that DeltaPP is a reliable indicator of severe hypovolemia in pigs with healthy lungs regardless of VT or RR. In contrast, in pigs with ARDS-like syndrome ventilated with small VT, DeltaPP is not a good indicator of severe hemorrhage. However, in this setting, indexing DeltaPP to respiratory changes in transpulmonary pressure allows this marker to significantly indicate the occurrence of hypovolemia.
Keywords AnimalsBlood Pressure/*physiologyHypovolemia/*physiopathology*Respiration, Artificial/methodsRespiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult/*physiopathology/*therapySensitivity and SpecificitySus scrofaTidal Volume/*physiology
PMID: 20693877
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Research group Groupe de Recherche en Hémodynamique (913)
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WIKLUND, Claes U. et al. Influence of tidal volume on pulse pressure variations in hypovolemic ventilated pigs with acute respiratory distress-like syndrome. In: Anesthesiology, 2010, vol. 113, n° 3, p. 630-638. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181e908f6 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:21394

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Deposited on : 2012-05-23

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