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Religious explanatory models in patients with psychosis: a three-year follow-up study

Gillieron, C.
Published in Psychopathology. 2010, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 230-239
Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: Spirituality and religiousness have been shown to be highly prevalent in patients with psychosis. Yet the influence of religious denomination as it affects coping methods and/or as an explanatory model for illness and treatment remains to be determined. This study aims (1) to investigate if religious denomination is associated with explanatory models, (2) to assess the evolution over time of these explanatory models, and (3) to examine the relationship between these explanatory models and the spiritual vision of treatment and adhesion to such treatment. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Of an initial cohort of 115 outpatients, 80% (n = 92) participated in a 3-year follow-up study. The evolution of their religious explanatory models was assessed in order to evaluate if religious denomination, as a meaning-making coping tool, is associated with the patients' explanatory models. Finally, we examined the relationship between these representations and the patients' spiritual visions of treatment and treatment adhesion. RESULTS: A spiritual vision of the illness (as part of an explanatory model) was more frequent in patients with psychosis for whom the subjective dimension of religion was important. However, there was no association between the patients' religious denomination and their spiritual vision of the illness. The analyses showed that the various contents of spiritual visions of illness were not positive or negative per se; instead, they depended on how this religious vision was integrated into the person's experience. Examining longitudinal aspects of coping showed that the spiritual vision sometimes changed, but was not associated with clinical or social outcome. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with psychosis, explanatory models frequently involve a religious component which is independent of denomination and likely to change over time. Clinicians should address this issue on a regular basis, by asking patients about their explanatory model before trying to build a bridge with the medical model.
Keywords *Adaptation, PsychologicalAdultChi-Square DistributionFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansMaleMiddle AgedPrincipal Component AnalysisPsychotic Disorders/*psychologyQuality of Life/psychologyQuestionnaires*Religion and Psychology*Schizophrenic PsychologySelf Concept
PMID: 20424504
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Research group Psychiatrie communautaire (688)
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HUGUELET, Philippe et al. Religious explanatory models in patients with psychosis: a three-year follow-up study. In: Psychopathology, 2010, vol. 43, n° 4, p. 230-239. doi: 10.1159/000313521 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:21014

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Deposited on : 2012-05-23

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