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Title

Chlorhexidine prevents hypochlorous acid-induced inactivation of alpha1-antitrypsin

Authors
Bertolotto, M.
Ottonello, L.
Pende, A.
Dapino, P.
Dallegri, F.
Published in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology. 2009, vol. 36, no. 11, p. e72-77
Abstract 1. Chlorhexidine digluconate has been used as a topical antiseptic in the treatment of acne vulgaris and periodontitis. The acute phase of these diseases involves neutrophilic infiltration. Neutrophil activation and recruitment to inflammatory sites are crucial in both protection against bacterial infection and the induction of hystotoxic damage. Activated neutrophils release several enzymes, including elastase and myeloperoxidase (MPO), which contribute to tissue injury via direct toxic actions, the generation of oxidants and inactivation of protective factors, such as alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT). In the present study, we investigated whether chlorhexidine can modulate neutrophil-mediated histotoxicity. 2. Human primary neutrophils were isolated from healthy donors. Inactivation of alpha1-AT by neutrophils or hypochlorous acid (HOCl) was evaluated by spectrophotometry and sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of its capacity to complex with porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE). Neutrophil generation of HOCl, superoxide anion and MPO release were assessed spectrophometrically. 3. Chlorhexidine (0, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 micromol/L) dose-dependently prevented HOCl-induced inactivation of alpha1-AT and reduced HOCl recovery from phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-treated human neutrophils, but did not inhibit superoxide anion and MPO release. Chlorhexidine directly inhibited HOCl recovery from neutrophils and HOCl-induced inactivation of alpha1-AT in a cell-free assay. Accordingly, chlorhexidine reversed HOCl-mediated inhibition of alpha1-AT capacity to complex with PPE. 4. These data suggest that chlorhexidine prevents neutrophil-induced alpha1-AT inactivation via a direct inhibitory action on HOCl. Although highly speculative, the present study indicates that chlorhexidine may protect inflamed tissues not only through its antimicrobial properties, but also via a direct anti-inflammatory effect on neutrophil toxic products.
Keywords Anti-Inflammatory Agents/*pharmacologyCells, CulturedChlorhexidine/*analogs & derivatives/pharmacologyDose-Response Relationship, DrugEnzyme Inhibitors/pharmacologyHumansHypochlorous Acid/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism/pharmacologyModels, ImmunologicalNeutrophil Activation/*drug effectsNeutrophils/*drug effects/enzymology/metabolismPeroxidase/metabolismSuperoxides/metabolismTetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacologyAlpha 1-Antitrypsin/*metabolism
Identifiers
PMID: 19671069
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Structures
Research groups Biologie du myocarde (22)
L'athérosclérose et ses complications cliniques (591)
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(ISO format)
MONTECUCCO, Fabrizio et al. Chlorhexidine prevents hypochlorous acid-induced inactivation of alpha1-antitrypsin. In: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 2009, vol. 36, n° 11, p. e72-77. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:19973

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Deposited on : 2012-04-23

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