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Surfing during population expansions promotes genetic revolutions and structuration

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Published in Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 2008, vol. 23, no. 7, p. 347-351
Abstract Recent studies have shown that low-frequency alleles can sometimes surf on the wave of advance of a popu- lation range expansion, reaching high frequencies and spreading over large areas. Using microbial populations, Hallatschek and colleagues have provided the first experimental evidence of surfing during spatial expan- sions. They also show that the newly colonized area should become structured into sectors of low genetic diversity separated by sharp allele frequency gradients, increasing the global genetic differentiation of the popu- lation. These experimental results can be easily repro- duced in silico and they should apply to a wide variety of higher organisms. They also suggest that a single range expansion can create very complex patterns at neutral loci, mimicking adaptive processes and resembling post- glacial segregation of clades from distinct refuge areas.
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EXCOFFIER, Laurent Georges Louis, RAY, Nicolas. Surfing during population expansions promotes genetic revolutions and structuration. In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2008, vol. 23, n° 7, p. 347-351. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:18201

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Deposited on : 2012-01-27

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