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Bringing entanglement to the real world: from fundamental aspects to applications in quantum communication and radiometry

Defense Thèse de doctorat : Univ. Genève, 2011 - Sc. 4392 - 2011/12/13
Abstract The scope of this thesis is to explore different ways of bringing the phenomenon of quantum entanglement to our classical world. A first manner is to make entanglement an element of everyone's cultural background. I show that nontrivial quantum nonlocality tests can be performed with do-it-yourself optical sources. Furthermore, entanglement can be brought to the real world as a technological resource for improving everyday activities, like communication. Sources of entangled photons, suited to long distance quantum communication, need to be developed. I present a source of entangled photons realized via Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion in an integrated cavity-waveguide. I show how this kind of sources can be engineered. I also report the realization of low-loss sources for the implementation of an experiment of faithful entanglement swapping adopting a nonlinear interaction between two single photons. Last, one can also attempt to physically generate and observe entanglement at macroscopic scales. I analyze the possibility of cloning a photon of an entangled pair and detecting the amplified state with human eyes. Bringing entanglement to scales one can see allows one to investigate ways of measuring light in the quantum-to-classical regime. I report the experimental demonstration of a method, based on optimal quantum cloning, for measuring low optical radiances in an absolute way. Moreover, I present the realization of photon number resolving detectors at infrared wavelengths and room temperature operation.
Keywords EntanglementQuantum nonlocalityPhotonsQuantum communicationPhoton sourcesHuman eyesQuantum cloningQuantum radiometrySingle photon detectors
URN: urn:nbn:ch:unige-181079
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POMARICO, Enrico. Bringing entanglement to the real world: from fundamental aspects to applications in quantum communication and radiometry. Université de Genève. Thèse, 2011. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:18107

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Deposited on : 2012-01-18

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