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Scientific article
Open access
English

The utility and caveat of split-GAL4s in the study of neurodegeneration

Published inFly, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 1-8; 2192847
Publication date2023-03-23
First online date2023-03-23
Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, afflicting over 1% of the population of age 60 y and above. The loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) is the primary cause of its characteristic motor symptoms. Studies using Drosophila melanogaster and other model systems have provided much insight into the pathogenesis of PD. However, little is known why certain cell types are selectively susceptible to degeneration in PD. Here, we describe an approach to identify vulnerable subpopulations of neurons in the genetic background linked to PD in Drosophila, using the split-GAL4 drivers that enable genetic manipulation of a small number of defined cell populations. We identify split-GAL4 lines that target neurons selectively vulnerable in a model of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2)-linked familial PD, demonstrating the utility of this approach. We also show an unexpected caveat of the split-GAL4 system in ageing-related research: an age-dependent increase in the number of GAL4-labelled cells.

eng
Keywords
  • LRRK2
  • PAM neurons
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Split-GAL4
  • Dopaminergic neurons
  • Neurodegeneration
Citation (ISO format)
STICKLEY, Luca, KOCH, Rafael, NAGOSHI, Emi. The utility and caveat of split-GAL4s in the study of neurodegeneration. In: Fly, 2023, vol. 17, n° 1, p. 1–8. doi: 10.1080/19336934.2023.2192847
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ISSN of the journal1933-6934
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