Scientific article
Open access

Mental health consultations in immigration detention : what can we learn from clinical records ?

Published inInternational journal of public health, vol. 69, 1605896
Publication date2024-01-25
First online date2024-01-25

Objectives: Knowledge on mental health consultations in immigration detention and characteristics of people receiving consultations is scarce. Based on a sample of 230 adult men in immigration detention in Switzerland, we aimed to: (1) Quantify the proportion of persons receiving mental health consultations during detention; and (2) Identify socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with mental health consultations.

Methods: Retrospective observational study with a cross-sectional design. Prevalence estimates, logistic regressions, and contingency tables were used to analyse the data.

Results: A total of 30% of the sample received mental health consultations during detention. Time spent in immigration detention, mental health problems during detention, use of psychotropic medication, and self-harm were associated with mental health consultations. Although mental health consultations are provided to people with more severe mental health problems, 41% of persons with assessed mental health needs during the initial screening and 26% of those who self-harmed during detention did not receive mental health consultations.

Conclusion: Mental health resources and screening procedures could be improved to ensure that mental health consultations are matched to clinical need in immigration detention settings.

  • Clinical records
  • Health care services
  • Immigration detention
  • Mental health consultations
  • Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics
Citation (ISO format)
DA CUNHA GONCALVES, Léonel et al. Mental health consultations in immigration detention : what can we learn from clinical records ? In: International journal of public health, 2024, vol. 69, p. 1605896. doi: 10.3389/ijph.2024.1605896
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1661-8556

Technical informations

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