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Charge density waves in the graphene sheets of the superconductor CaC6

Rahnejat, K.C.
Howard, C.A.
Shuttleworth, N.E.
Schofield, S.R.
Iwaya, K.
Hirjibehedin, C.F.
Aeppli, G.
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Published in Nature Communications. 2011, vol. 2, p. 558
Abstract Graphitic systems have an electronic structure that can be readily manipulated through electrostatic or chemical doping, resulting in a rich variety of electronic ground states. Here we report the first observation and characterization of electronic stripes in the highly electron-doped graphitic superconductor, CaC6, by scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy. The stripes correspond to a charge density wave with a period three times that of the Ca superlattice. Although the positions of the Ca intercalants are modulated, no displacements of the carbon lattice are detected, indicating that the graphene sheets host the ideal charge density wave. This provides an exceptionally simple material—graphene—as a starting point for understanding the relation between stripes and superconductivity. Furthermore, our experiments suggest a strategy to search for superconductivity in graphene, namely in the vicinity of striped ‘Wigner crystal’ phases, where some of the electrons crystallize to form a superlattice.
Keywords GrapheneCharge density waveScanning tunneling microscopy
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RAHNEJAT, K.C. et al. Charge density waves in the graphene sheets of the superconductor CaC6. In: Nature Communications, 2011, vol. 2, p. 558. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:17664

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Deposited on : 2011-12-01

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