Scientific article
Open access

The continuum of attention dysfunction : Evidence from dynamic functional network connectivity analysis in neurotypical adolescents

Published inPloS one, vol. 18, no. 1, e0279260
Publication date2023-01-20
First online date2023-01-20

The question of whether attention-related disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are best understood as clinical categories or as extreme ends of a spectrum is an ongoing debate. Assessing individuals with varying degrees of attention problems and utilizing novel methodologies to assess relationships between attention and brain activity may provide key information to support the spectrum hypothesis. We scanned 91 neurotypical adolescents during rest using functional magnetic resonance imaging. We conducted static and dynamic functional network connectivity (FNC) analysis and correlated findings to behavioral metrics of ADHD, attention problems, and impulsivity. We found that dynamic FNC analysis detects significant differences in large-scale neural connectivity as a function of individual differences in attention and impulsivity that are obscured in static analysis. We show ADHD manifestations and attention problems are associated with diminished Salience Network-centered FNC and that ADHD manifestations and impulsivity are associated with prolonged periods of dynamically hyperconnected states. Importantly, our meta-state analysis results reveal a relationship between ADHD manifestations and exhibiting variable and volatile dynamic behavior such as changing meta-states more often and traveling over a greater dynamic range. These findings in non-clinical adolescents provide support for the continuum model of attention disorders.

Citation (ISO format)
RAFI, Halima et al. The continuum of attention dysfunction : Evidence from dynamic functional network connectivity analysis in neurotypical adolescents. In: PloS one, 2023, vol. 18, n° 1, p. e0279260. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0279260
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ISSN of the journal1932-6203

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