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Scientific article
Review
Open access
English

Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in structural-dynamic studies of large protein complexes

Published inProgress in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, vol. 134-135, p. 1-19
Publication date2023-04
Abstract

Macromolecular protein assemblies are of fundamental importance for many processes inside the cell, as they perform complex functions and constitute central hubs where reactions occur. Generally, these assemblies undergo large conformational changes and cycle through different states that ultimately are connected to specific functions further regulated by additional small ligands or proteins. Unveiling the 3D structural details of these assemblies at atomic resolution, identifying the flexible parts of the complexes, and monitoring with high temporal resolution the dynamic interplay between different pro- tein regions under physiological conditions is key to fully understanding their properties and to fostering biomedical applications. In the last decade, we have seen remarkable advances in cryo-electron microscopy (EM) techniques, which deeply transformed our vision of structural biology, especially in the field of macromolecular assemblies. With cryo-EM, detailed 3D models of large macromolecular complexes in different conformational states became readily available at atomic resolution. Concomitantly, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) have benefited from methodological innovations which also improved the quality of the information that can be achieved. Such enhanced sensitivity widened their applicability to macromolecular complexes in environments close to physiological conditions and opened a path towards in-cell applications. In this review we will focus on the advantages and challenges of EPR techniques with an integrative approach towards a complete understanding of macromolecular structures and functions.

eng
Keywords
  • DEER
  • Dynamics
  • EPR
  • Macromolecules
  • Site-directed spin labeling
  • Spin labels
Citation (ISO format)
GALAZZO, Laura, BORDIGNON, Enrica. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy in structural-dynamic studies of large protein complexes. In: Progress in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, 2023, vol. 134-135, p. 1–19. doi: 10.1016/j.pnmrs.2022.11.001
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0079-6565
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