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Doctoral thesis
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English

Statics and dynamics of weakly coupled antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 ladders in a magnetic field

ContributorsBouillot, Pierre
Defense date2011-09-30
Abstract

We investigate weakly coupled spin-1/2 ladders in a magnetic field. The work is motivated by recent experiments on the compound (C5H12N)2CuBr4 (BPCB). We use a combination of numerical and analytical methods, in particular the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) technique, to explore the phase diagram and the excitation spectra of such a system. We give detailed results on the temperature dependence of the magnetization and the specific heat, and the magnetic field dependence of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation rate of single ladders. For coupled ladders, treating the weak interladder coupling within a mean field approach, we compute the transition temperature of triplet condensation and its corresponding antiferromagnetic order parameter. Existing xperimental measurements are discussed and compared to our theoretical results. Furthermore we compute, using time dependent DMRG, the dynamical correlations of a single spin ladder. Our results allow to directly describe the inelastic neutron scattering cross section up to high energies. We focus on the evolution of the spectra with the magnetic field and compare their behavior for different couplings. The characteristic features of the spectra are interpreted using different analytical approaches such as the mapping onto a spin chain, a Luttinger liquid (LL) or onto a t-J model. For values of parameters for which such measurements exist, we compare our results to nelastic neutron scattering experiments on the compound BPCB and find xcellent agreement. We make additional predictions for the high energy part of the spectrum that are potentially testable in future experiments.

eng
Keywords
  • Spin
  • Dmrg
  • Dynamics
  • Statics
  • Ladder
Citation (ISO format)
BOUILLOT, Pierre. Statics and dynamics of weakly coupled antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 ladders in a magnetic field. 2011. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:17334
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Creation10/19/2011 7:35:00 PM
First validation10/19/2011 7:35:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 5:03:53 PM
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