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Correlações da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pessoas idosas da Região Autónoma da Madeira

Published inOlhares sobre o Envelhecimento: Estudos Interdisciplinares, Editors Pinheiro, J., p. 145-155
PublisherMadeira : Universidade da Madeira
Publication date2021
First online date2021-05
Abstract

This study aimed to examine the role of predictors of HRQoL in a sample of older adults, and to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and predictors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old–old).

This study included 802 older adults aged 60–79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test. Physical activity and demographic information and health features were obtained through questionnaires.

A multiple regression analysis showed that BMI (β = −0,15, p = 0,001), body strength (β = 0,21, p < 0,001), aerobic endurance (β = 0,29, p < 0,001), physical activity (β = 0,11, p = 0,007), depressive symptoms (β = −0,19, p < 0,001), falls (β = −0,19, p < 0,001), and living alone (β = −0,16, p < 0,001) were all significantly related to HRQoL-SF-36 total score. The positive relation with aerobic endurance was significantly higher for the physical component of HRQoL, while the negative relation with living alone was significantly higher for the mental component. The positive relation of HRQoL with physical activity was significantly higher in old–old compared to young-old adults.

This data suggests that body composition, functional fitness, psycho-social factors, and falls are important predictors of HRQoL in old age. There are HRQoL-component and age-cohort differences regarding these predictors, underlying the need for specific strategies at the community level to promote HRQoL in older adults.

engpor
Keywords
  • Health
  • Quality of life
  • Functional fitness
  • Lifestyle
  • Elderly
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
GOUVEIA, Élvio R. et al. Correlações da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pessoas idosas da Região Autónoma da Madeira. In: Olhares sobre o Envelhecimento: Estudos Interdisciplinares. Madeira : Universidade da Madeira, 2021. p. 145–155. doi: 10.34640/universidademadeira2021gouveiaihlemarques
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Book chapter (Published version)
Identifiers
ISBN978-989-8805-63-8
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