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Scientific article
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Spatial and temporal localization of cell wall associated pili in Enterococcus faecalis

Published inMolecular microbiology, vol. 119, no. 1, p. 1-18
Publication date2023-01
First online date2022-12-07
Abstract

Enterococcus faecalis virulence requires cell wall-associated proteins, including the sortase-assembled endocarditis and biofilm associated pilus (Ebp), important for biofilm formation in vitro and in vivo. The current paradigm for sortase-assembled pilus biogenesis in Gram-positive bacteria is that sortases attach substrates to lipid II peptidoglycan (PG) precursors, prior to their incorporation into the growing cell wall. Contrary to prevailing dogma, by following the distribution of Ebp and PG throughout the E. faecalis cell cycle, we found that cell surface Ebp do not co-localize with newly synthesized PG. Instead, surface-exposed Ebp are localized to the older cell hemisphere and excluded from sites of new PG synthesis at the septum. Moreover, Ebp deposition on the younger hemisphere of the E. faecalis diplococcus appear as foci adjacent to the nascent septum. We propose a new model whereby sortase substrate deposition can occur on older PG rather than at sites of new cell wall synthesis. Consistent with this model, we demonstrate that sequestering lipid II to block PG synthesis via ramoplanin, does not impact new Ebp deposition at the cell surface. These data support an alternative paradigm for sortase substrate deposition in E. faecalis, in which Ebp are anchored directly onto uncrosslinked cell wall, independent of new PG synthesis.

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Keywords
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Pili
  • Sortase
  • Spatiotemporal localization
  • Fimbriae Proteins / metabolism
  • Enterococcus faecalis / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Fimbriae, Bacterial / metabolism
  • Cell Wall / metabolism
  • Aminoacyltransferases / genetics
  • Aminoacyltransferases / metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
CHOO, Pei Yi et al. Spatial and temporal localization of cell wall associated pili in Enterococcus faecalis. In: Molecular microbiology, 2023, vol. 119, n° 1, p. 1–18. doi: 10.1111/mmi.15008
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ISSN of the journal0950-382X
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Creation08/18/2023 9:50:49 AM
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