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France and the European Union in times of crisis. On the Multi-level governance of the Covid, energy, and Ukraine crises

Number of pages80 p.
Master program titleMaster en standardisation, régulation sociale et développement durable
Defense date2023-06-15
Abstract

In the past years, starting from early 2020 all the way through 2022, three major crises have hit the European continent, with specific effects on governance in response to them: the Covid crisis, the energy crisis, & the Ukraine crisis. The goal of this thesis is to determine how and to estimate to what extent these events have had an impact on the modes of governance within the European Union. This work relies mainly on the example of the French State and the numerous measures it took during these troubled times to limit the damage, in relation to what was being pursued at the same time in Brussels. On the basis of this analysis, we intend to provide answers to the following research question: “In what ways did the three recent major crises – the Covid crisis, the energy crisis, & the Ukraine crisis – affect the governance of the European Union in its relationship with the French State?” Our hypothesis is as follows: the three recent crises have called into question eminently some of the legal and political acquis of the European Union, and in such a way that reactivated certain state functions and prerogatives. A thorough detour through the theories and concepts of Multi-level governance will be essential in distinguishing three dimensions which epitomise the main findings of this research: (i) an interruption of liberal methods in general and budgetary rules in particular; (ii) a resurgence of the North-South divide along the lines of the Franco-German “couple”; and (iii) a reappraisal of France’s role in the geopolitical turning point of the century.

eng
Citation (ISO format)
OMARINI, Alexandre Andrea Giovanni. France and the European Union in times of crisis. On the Multi-level governance of the Covid, energy, and Ukraine crises. 2023.
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Master thesis
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  • PID : unige:170723
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