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Metabolites Concentration in Plasma and Heart Tissue in Relation to High Sensitive Cardiac Troponin T Level in Septic Shock Pigs

Published inMetabolites, vol. 12, no. 4, 319
Publication date2022-04-02
First online date2022-04-02
Abstract

Elevated circulating cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is frequent in septic shock patients. Signs of myocardial ischemia and myocyte necrosis are not universally present, but the precise mechanism for elevated cTnT is unknown. We investigated plasma and heart tissue metabolites concentration in six septic shock (SS) and three sham swine undergoing a protocol of polymicrobial septic shock and resuscitation, in order to highlight possible pathways and biomarkers involved in troponin release (high sensitive cardiac troponin T, hs-cTnT). The animals were divided into two groups: the high cTnT group (n = 3) were pigs showing a significantly higher concentration of cTnT and lactate after resuscitation; the low cTnT group (n = 6, three sham and three septic shock) characterized by a lower value of cTnT and a lactate level < 2 mmol/L. Spearman correlation was assessed on plasma fold-change of cTnT, cytokines (TNF-α and IL-10), and metabolites. Finally, the fold-change between the end of resuscitation and baseline values (Res./BL) of plasma metabolites was used to perform a partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) with three latent variables. Before building the model, the number of features was reduced by summing up the metabolites of the same class that resulted similarly correlated to cTnT fold-change. Proline and glycine were significantly higher in the high cTnT group at the end of experiment both in the myocardium and plasma analyses. Moreover, plasma proline fold-change was found to be positively correlated with cTnT and cytokine fold-changes, and trans-4-hydroxyproline (t4-OH-Pro) fold-change was positively correlated with cTnT fold-change. The PLS-DA model was able to separate the two groups and, among the first ranked features based on VIP score, we found sugars, t4-OH-Pro, proline, creatinine, total amount of sphingomyelins, and glycine. Proline, t4-OH-Pro, and glycine are very abundant in collagen, and our results may suggest that collagen degradation could represent a possible mechanism contributing to septic myocardial injury. The common phenotype of septic cardiomyopathy could be associated to dysregulated collagen metabolism and/or degradation, further exacerbated by higher inflammation and oxidative stress.

eng
Keywords
  • Cardiac dysfunction
  • Cardiac troponin T
  • Collagen
  • Hydroxyproline
  • Myocardial injury
  • Proline
  • Sepsis
  • Septic cardiomyopathy
Funding
  • European Commission - MULTISCALE APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF MOLECULAR BIOMARKERS IN ACUTE HEART FAILURE INDUCED BY SHOCK [602706]
Citation (ISO format)
BOLLEN PINTO, Bernardo et al. Metabolites Concentration in Plasma and Heart Tissue in Relation to High Sensitive Cardiac Troponin T Level in Septic Shock Pigs. In: Metabolites, 2022, vol. 12, n° 4, p. 319. doi: 10.3390/metabo12040319
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal2218-1989
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