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Scientific article
Open access
English

The Drosophila Sin3 gene encodes a widely distributed transcription factor essential for embryonic viability

Published inDevelopment, genes and evolution, vol. 208, no. 9, p. 531-536
Publication date1998-11
Abstract

Expression of many mammalian genes is activated by the binding of heterodimers of the Myc and Max proteins to specific DNA sequences called the E-boxes. Transcription of the same genes is repressed upon binding to the same sequences of complexes composed of Max, Mad/Mxi1, the co-repressors Sin3 and N-CoR, and the histone deacetylase Rpd3. Max-Mad/Mxi1 heterodimers, which bind to E-boxes in absence of co-repressors, do not inhibit gene expression simply by competition with Myc-Max heterodimers, but require Sin3 and Rpd3 for efficient repression of transcription. We have cloned a Drosophila homolog of Sin3 (dSin3) and found it to be ubiquitously expressed during embryonic development. Yeast, mouse and Drosophila proteins share six blocks of strong homologies, including four potential paired amphipathic helix domains. In addition, the domain of binding to the histone deacetylase Rpd3 is strongly conserved. Null mutations cause recessive embryonic lethality.

eng
Keywords
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Drosophila / embryology
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Histone Deacetylases
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
Citation (ISO format)
PENNETTA, Giuseppa Léonarda, PAULI, Daniel. The <i>Drosophila</i> <i>Sin3</i> gene encodes a widely distributed transcription factor essential for embryonic viability. In: Development, genes and evolution, 1998, vol. 208, n° 9, p. 531–536. doi: 10.1007/s004270050212
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Article (Published version)
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0949-944X
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