Scientific article
Open access

Monitoring of noninvasive ventilation: comparative analysis of different strategies

Published inRespiratory research, vol. 21, no. 1, 324
Publication date2020-12-10
First online date2020-12-10

Background: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) represents an effective treatment for chronic respiratory failure. However, empirically determined NIV settings may not achieve optimal ventilatory support. Therefore, the efficacy of NIV should be systematically monitored. The minimal recommended monitoring strategy includes clinical assessment, arterial blood gases (ABG) and nocturnal transcutaneous pulsed oxygen saturation (SpO2). Polysomnography is a theoretical gold standard but is not routinely available in many centers. Simple tools such as transcutaneous capnography (TcPCO2) or ventilator built-in software provide reliable informations but their role in NIV monitoring has yet to be defined. The aim of our work was to compare the accuracy of different combinations of tests to assess NIV efficacy.

Methods: This retrospective comparative study evaluated the efficacy of NIV in consecutive patients through four strategies (A, B, C and D) using four different tools in various combinations. These tools included morning ABG, nocturnal SpO2, TcPCO2 and data provided by built-in software via a dedicated module. Strategy A (ABG + nocturnal SpO2), B (nocturnal SpO2 + TcPCO2) and C (TcPCO2 + builtin software) were compared to strategy D, which combined all four tools (NIV was appropriate if all four tools were normal).

Results: NIV was appropriate in only 29 of the 100 included patients. Strategy A considered 53 patients as appropriately ventilated. Strategy B considered 48 patients as appropriately ventilated. Strategy C misclassified only 6 patients with daytime hypercapnia.

Conclusion: Monitoring ABG and nocturnal SpO2 is not enough to assess NIV efficacy. Combining data from ventilator built-in software and TcPCO2 seems to represent the best strategy to detect poor NIV efficacy. Trial registration Institutional Review Board of the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française (CEPRO 2016 Georges).

  • Bi-level positive airway pressure
  • Monitoring
  • Nocturnal pulse oximetry
  • Non-invasive ventilation
  • Respiratory failure
  • Transcutaneous capnography
  • Aged
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous
  • Capnography
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Noninvasive Ventilation / instrumentation
  • Polysomnography
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Software
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventilators, Mechanical
Citation (ISO format)
GEORGES, Marjolaine et al. Monitoring of noninvasive ventilation: comparative analysis of different strategies. In: Respiratory research, 2020, vol. 21, n° 1, p. 324. doi: 10.1186/s12931-020-01586-8
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Article (Published version)
Secondary files (1)
ISSN of the journal1465-9921

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