Scientific article
Open access

The SWING test: A more reliable test than passive clinical tests for assessing sagittal plane hip mobility

Published inGait & Posture, vol. 92, p. 77-82
Publication date2022-02

Background: Clinical assessment of sagittal plane hip mobility is usually performed using the Modified Thomas Test (for extension) and the Straight-Leg-Raise (for flexion) with a goniometer. These tests have limited reliability, however. An active swinging leg movement test (the SWING test), assessed using 3D motion analysis, could provide an alternative to these passive clinical tests.

Research question: Is the SWING test a more reliable alternative to evaluate hip mobility, in comparison to the clinical extension and flexion tests?

Methods: Ten asymptomatic adult participants were evaluated by two investigators over three sessions. Participants performed 10 maximal hip extensions and flexions, with both legs straight and no trunk movement (the SWING test). Hip kinematics was assessed using a 3D motion analysis system. Maximal and minimal hip angles were calculated for each swing and represented maximal hip flexion (SWING flexion) and extension (SWING extension), respectively. The Modified Thomas Test and Straight-Leg-Raise were repeated 3 times for each leg. On the first day, both investigators performed all the tests (SWING + Modified Thomas Test + Straight-Leg-Raise). A week later, a single investigator repeated all the tests. Inter-rater, intra-rater, within-day and between-day reliability were evaluated using intra-class correlation.

Results: Intra-class correlation coefficients for all the tests were superior to 0.8, except for the Modified Thomas Test's intra-rater, between-day (intra-class correlation 0.673) and the Straight-Leg-Raise's inter-rater, within-day (intra-class correlation 0.294). The SWING test always showed a higher intra-class correlation coefficient than the passive clinical tests. The only significant correlation found was for the Straight-Leg-Raise and SWING flexion (r = 0.48; P < 0.001).

Significance: The SWING test seems to be an alternative to existing passive clinical tests, offering better reliability for assessing sagittal plane hip mobility.

  • Clinical test
  • Hip mobility
  • Range of motion
  • Straight-Leg-Raise
  • Thomas test
Citation (ISO format)
ROSE-DULCINA, Kevin et al. The SWING test: A more reliable test than passive clinical tests for assessing sagittal plane hip mobility. In: Gait & Posture, 2022, vol. 92, p. 77–82. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.11.014
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal0966-6362

Technical informations

Creation11/24/2021 9:39:00 AM
First validation11/24/2021 9:39:00 AM
Update time03/16/2023 2:53:35 AM
Status update03/16/2023 2:53:34 AM
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